According to the U. The studies that have used heterosexual samples have generally focused on parts of the world, such as South Africa, that have not only high rates of anal intercourse among heterosexuals, but also high HIV prevalence in the general population and high numbers of concurrent partners among heterosexuals Kalichman et al. Harawa and Adimora linked high incarceration rates among both men and women in the African American community with HIV through a number of mechanisms, including the role incarceration plays in reducing the number of male sexual partners available to African American women. Due to the limited nature of previous research on this topic, we opted for a more exploratory approach aimed at uncovering the broad range of reasons that women had for engaging in anal intercourse. Results related to each of these research questions are described in more detail below. When it came to experimenting with same-sex love, however, women were considerably more fluid: Following the recommendations of Krueger , each focus group consisted of 7—10 participants, and all focus groups were conducted by the first author who has experience with group facilitation and has worked extensively with the population served at both the drug treatment center and CBRS. In the third phase, Dedoose was used to mark excerpts from the transcripts.
Results The primary goal of the current study was to uncover a wide range of reasons as to why heterosexual, drug-abusing women engage in anal intercourse. Negative emotional experiences of AI included feelings of shame, disgust, and being offended by something her male partner did, such as spitting on his penis for lubrication. Data Analysis The audio files produced by the recording equipment in MP3 format were transcribed verbatim and imported into Dedoose, an on-line qualitative analysis program that facilitates coding, sorting, and displaying mixed method data. Only women who were willing to consent at both stages, that is, to participate in the focus group and to allow the group to be recorded, participated in the final focus groups. Excerpts were identified both conceptually based on the beginning and ending of a distinct idea and contextually including all necessary information for accurate interpretation. Their model includes alcohol and drug use and high-risk steady partners who have been linked to anal intercourse. Dedoose was used to assess inter-rater reliability utilizing a random selection of one-third of the excerpts created by the second author. Past experience with AI including emotional and physical reactions was identified. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Following the recommendations of Krueger , the focus group protocol consisted of five generally worded questions about heterosexual anal intercourse with male partners, how often it had occurred in their lifetime, the frequency of anal intercourse with their current or most recent sexual partner, the context in which the anal intercourse event took place type of partner, such as new, casual, and regular , the role of alcohol and illicit substances in facilitating the anal intercourse, and other relevant characteristics of the male partners known to be bisexual, previous incarceration history and any other information the women were willing to provide concerning the anal intercourse event itself e. Four focus groups which comprised women from diverse ethnicities were conducted. In addition, there is a delay between the act of anal intercourse and the reduction of self-esteem of the person. Informed consent was a two-stage process: This occurred when one person applied a code that was overlooked by the other person. Of course, as The New Civil Rights Movement notes , it's possible that the rates for heterosexual men and women experiencing anal sex as well as those experimenting with same-sex partners may actually be slightly higher in Even those women who found pleasure in AI expressed a preference for vaginal intercourse. Women then answered a brief demographic questionnaire that elicited information on their age, self-reported ethnicity, and the number of biological children, whether they had had oral, vaginal, and anal intercourse at any point in their lifetime, and whether their last sexual encounter was with a man or a woman. According to the U. There is also research literature on heterosexual anal intercourse among drug-using subsamples, which has found a relationship between anal intercourse and both injection and non-injection drug use Bogart et al. Bandura stated that human behavior is learned from watching and interacting with other human beings. There have been several published theories as to the reason for a rise in popularity and we can hopefully assume it's not an increase in the number of people Googling Rick Santorum. Focus groups were also preferred by the participating outpatient drug treatment program because participants were familiar with group activities and settings. This inductive process resulted in a hierarchically organized codebook containing codes and subcodes that emerged from the data itself. Abstract This study used qualitative methods to assess why women engage in heterosexual anal receptive intercourse AI with a male partner. The studies that have used heterosexual samples have generally focused on parts of the world, such as South Africa, that have not only high rates of anal intercourse among heterosexuals, but also high HIV prevalence in the general population and high numbers of concurrent partners among heterosexuals Kalichman et al. Research with women who have male partners recently released from jail or prison has also yielded high rates of anal intercourse Bland et al. Further questioning revealed that all of the participants had had anal intercourse, but some did not count it as such if the man did not ejaculate or if the woman insisted he withdraw because of pain.
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